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Swasam Asthma, Allergy & Respiratory Centre

Asthma

What is asthma?

Asthma is a disease of the airways in the lungs. Its symptoms are caused by inflammation, which makes the airways red, swollen, narrower and extra-sensitive to irritants.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

Recurrent attacks of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing.

How common is asthma?

Asthma is very common. Around one out of every ten people in the Western World develops asthma at some stage in their life.

In india, the estimated burden of asthma is believed to be more than 20 million.

Is asthma a chronic disease?

Yes. Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease that causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways. Some degree of inflammation is usually present, even at times when you are unaware of any symptoms.
If your asthma is untreated, you will have repeated attacks of asthma symptoms.

what is the nature of the asthma?

Asthma is a long-term (chronic) disease. Your asthma does not stay the same, but changes over time, and every person with asthma has good and bad days (or longer periods of time).However, if asthma is properly treated, you may enjoy long periods without symptoms or attacks.

Mild attacks can settle down without treatment, but treatment usually helps them to resolve more quickly.

Appropriate treatment can also reduce the risk of further attacks. If you experience a serious attack you should seek emergency help.

How to diagnose asthma ?

Asthma is diagnosed based on clinical features and confirmed by Pulmonary function Test(PFT), which is gold standard for the diagnosis of asthma.

What are the treatments available for asthma?

There are two types of treatment available for asthma. One is reliever and other is controller. Reliever medicines are useful in acute conditions. It will relieve symptoms.But it will not prevent symptoms. Controller medicines prevent symptoms and keep asthma under control. Controller medicines should be taken regularly.There are some medicines which act as a controller as well as relievers.

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